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Pakistan facing political instability

Pakistan on 22 August 2013
Location : Pakistan | Source : Pakistan Observer

Thursday, August 22, 2013 - A day before the Eid, a suicide bomber attacked in a courtyard of a mosque in Quetta, where senior police officers were gathered to offer funeral prayer for a slain Police Officer. At least 35 persons of police force including some high-ranking officers were killed in this incidence. This is not a new incident in Quetta, Balochistan or elsewhere in Pakistan as suicide and bomb attacks on military installations, security force personals and general public has become a daily routine in Pakistan for the last two decades. Target killing on sectarian grounds is another misery, which has become an endless tragedy for the people. There are a number of reasons for this miserable situation, which the people of Pakistan have been continuously facing for a long. The major cause of this situation is political instability, which has plunged the country in the deluge of a number of serious affairs.

With commemoration of 66th anniversary of our independence, we are also celebrating the freedom to expression, which includes free practice of religion, faith and speech. But unfortunately we remained under the strong hold of civil and military bureaucracy from the very beginning as politicians proved themselves incapable and inefficient. The second tragedy of Pakistan was that it could not eliminate feudalism after getting independence. As a result feudal politicians become stronger and stronger day by day and control the power corridor. Four martial laws and unending string of weak governments, how can one expect political instability in such a volatile political scenario?

India took three major steps to strengthen democracy and democratization. Firstly, drafted its constitution and implemented it on 26th January 1950. Secondly, eliminated feudalism and thirdly, decided to remain nonaligned in the bi-polar world. Contrary to India, Pakistan neither prepared its constitution in due course of time not brought an end to feudal socio-economic system. When a constitution was formulated and implemented in Pakistan on 23rd March 1956. General Elections were scheduled in February 1959 but Martial Law was imposed on 7th October 1958, which objurgated the constitution without its proper implementation. Another factor, which is one of the major problems in Pakistan, is the strong hold of feudal system. 

The feudal politicians have controlled the power corridors, which given rise to bad governance, inefficiency and corruption. Another very important and concerned factor political instability in Pakistan is the Weak Electoral System. Repeatedly rigged elections in Pakistan have eroded already weak public confidence in electoral institutions and fuelled domestic alienation and violence. Pakistan has never been gone through fair and transparent elections. We are well aware of our corrupt political culture, which is promoting the culture of inheritance in political system. In Pakistan leadership is being spoiled by the strong hold of armed forces over politics. Majority of political leadership in Pakistan comes through an Army nursery. So it’s not possible that they could ever bring political stability in Pakistan. 

Present day civilian government does not implement local government bodies, which are responsible for local transportation, planning and development, public utilities, local social-welfare services, parks, recreation, and culture. The Local Government system could decentralization power and authority. It facilitates and stimulates local sustainable development throughout all regions in the country. But unfortunately the leadership is not interested in the implementation of local government system.

Political Stability in Pakistan is possible through the youth, who could change the current stale system. As youth is the backbone of every country. Through such a platform new political leadership could arise in our country. By such a union, young intellectuals, strong policy makers, remarkable strategy makers and curious and inquisitive decision makers from youth could come out, which are a need of Pakistan today. Finally, to democratise state, society need to be democratised. It is only possible when the politics should be liberated from the clutches of ruling elite and the feudal aristocracy. For a genuine federal system, the powers need to be devolved to the grass-root level up to the Union Council. All decisions should be on merit and transparent, so that the involvement of the people should increase.

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